Biblical purpose of dating

The oracles of Isaiah to the people of Jerusalem from about 740 to 732 castigate the nation of Judah for its many sins.The religious, social, and economic sins of Judah roll from the prophet’s utterances in staccato-like sequence: (1) “Bring no more vain offerings; incense is an abomination to me.

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In chapters 1–6 are recorded the oracles of Isaiah’s early ministry.

His call, a visionary experience in the temple in Jerusalem, is described in some of the most influential symbolic language in Old Testament literature.

Yahweh, in the mystical, ecstatic experience of Isaiah, is too sublime to be described in other than the imagery of the winged seraphim, which hide his glory and call to each other: With smoke rising from the burning incense, Isaiah was consumed by his feelings of unworthiness (“Woe is me!

for I am lost”); but one of the seraphim touched Isaiah’s lips with a burning coal from the altar and the prophet heard the words, “Your guilt is taken away, and your sin forgiven.” Isaiah then heard the voice of Yahweh ask the heavenly council, “Whom shall I send, and who will go for us?

One of Isaiah’s castigations warns: “Woe to those who are heroes at drinking wine, and valiant men in mixing strong drink, who acquit the guilty for a bribe, and deprive the innocent of his right! Apparently Isaiah believed that Assyria would take care of the northern threat.

Ahaz, in timidity, did not want to request a sign from Yahweh.

Second Isaiah (chapters 40–66), which comes from the school of Isaiah’s disciples, can be divided into two periods: chapters 40–55, generally called Deutero-Isaiah, were written about 538 Second Isaiah contains the very expressive so-called Servant Songs—chapter 42, verses 1–4; chapter 49, verses 1–6; chapter 50, verses 4–9; chapter 52, verse 13; and chapter 53, verse 12.

Writing from Babylon, the author begins with a message of comfort and hope and faith in Yahweh.

Book of Isaiah, comprising 66 chapters, is one of the most profound theological and literarily expressive works in the Bible.

Compiled over a period of about two centuries (the latter half of the 8th to the latter half of the 6th century ), the Book of Isaiah is generally divided by scholars into two (sometimes three) major sections, which are called First Isaiah (chapters 1–39), Deutero-Isaiah (chapters 40–55 or 40–66), and—if the second section is subdivided—Trito-, and chapters 36–39, which drew from the source used by the Deuteronomic historian in II Kings, chapters 18–19.

He was also a contemporary of the prophets of social justice: Amos, Hosea, and Micah.

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