Sophia milos dating validating web resources

Thessalonica too submitted again to Ottoman rule at this time, possibly after brief resistance, but was treated more leniently: although the city was brought under full Ottoman control, the Christian population and the Church retained most of their possessions, and the city retained its institutions.

Thessalonica remained in Ottoman hands until 1403, when Emperor Manuel II sided with Bayezid's eldest son Süleyman in the Ottoman succession struggle that broke out following the crushing defeat and capture of Bayezid at the Battle of Ankara against Tamerlane in 1402.

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After his death in 1408, he was succeeded by Manuel's third son, the Despot Andronikos Palaiologos, who was supervised by Demetrios Leontares until 1415.

Thessalonica enjoyed a period of relative peace and prosperity after 1403, as the Turks were preoccupied with their own civil war, but was attacked by the rival Ottoman pretenders in 1412 (by Musa Çelebi Once the Ottoman civil war ended, the Turkish pressure on the city began to increase again.

By 1369, the Ottomans were able to capture Adrianople.

Initially, the surrendered cities were allowed complete autonomy in exchange for payment of the kharaj poll-tax.

According to the 1478 census Selânik (سلانیك), as the city came to be known in Ottoman Turkish, had a population of 4,320 Muslims, 6,094 Greek Orthodox and some Catholics.

No Jews were recorded in the census suggesting that the subsequent influx of Jewish population was not linked Soon after the turn of the 15th to 16th century, however, nearly 20,000 Sephardic Jews immigrated to Greece from the Iberian Peninsula following their expulsion from Spain by the 1492 Alhambra Decree. 1500, the numbers had grown to 7,986 Greeks, 8,575 Muslims, and 3,770 Jews.By 1519, Sephardic Jews numbered 15,715, 54% of the city's population.Some historians consider the Ottoman regime's invitation to Jewish settlement was a strategy to prevent the ethnic Greek population from dominating the city.It is bounded on the west by the delta of the Axios/Vardar.The municipality of Thessaloniki, the historical center, had a population of 325,182 in 2011, Thessaloniki is Greece's second major economic, industrial, commercial and political centre; it is a major transportation hub for Greece and southeastern Europe, notably through the Port of Thessaloniki.— which then became the largest vassal of the Latin Empire.

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